Tetraaminothiacalixarene 3, bearing fouramino groups instead of the hydroxy groups of p-tert-butylthiacalixarene 2, exhibits inclusion properties different fromthose of compound 2 towards small organicmolecules upon crystallisation fromneat solvents or guest solutions. X-ray crystallographic analyses reveal that nitromethane and acetonitrile are included into the cone-shaped cavity of compound 3, as is often seen in inclusion crystals of compound 2, whereas dichloromethane occupies a space between two distal benzene rings of compound 3, adopting a 1,3-alternate conformation. Acetic acid, which forms a dimer, fills a pore surrounded by four host molecules with a pinched cone conformation. Furthermore, guest-free crystals of compound 3 with a 1,3-alternate conformation absorb acetonitrile to give inclusion crystals with the same crystal structure as that obtained by the crystallisation. Thus, compound 3 flexibly changes its conformation according to the structures of guest compounds.
- Amino group
- Molecular recognition