An unsupported nanoporous platinum-iron bimetallic catalyst (PtFeNPore) was prepared with an electrochemical dealloying technique. Its structure and composition were characterized through various measurement methods, such as X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). An intermetallic compound and iron oxide species were both found in the PtFeNPore catalyst. The nanoporous structure and Lewis acidity (caused by iron oxide species) of the PtFeNPore catalyst resulted in superior catalytic activity and high selectivity. The PtFeNPore-catalyzed hydrogenation of various halonitrobenzenes proceeded successfully under mild reaction conditions and produced good to excellent yields of the corresponding haloanilines with high selectivity. PtFeNPore can be recycled through magnetic separation easily and reused five times without significant deactivation.
- chemoselective hydrogenation
- nanoporous platinum-iron bimetallic catalyst