Ventilation revealed by the observation of dissolved oxygen concentration south of the Kuroshio Extension during 2012–2013

Akira Nagano, Toshio Suga, Yoshimi Kawai, Masahide Wakita, Kazuyuki Uehara, Kyoko Taniguchi

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From the moored buoy observation at 33. 9 N, 144. 9 E south of the Kuroshio Extension (KE), we obtained Eulerian time series of dissolved oxygen concentration (DO) at 200, 400, and 600 m depths from June 2012 to March 2013. We observed ventilation by meso- and submesoscale processes that transport water southward across the KE jet. First, the cyclonic mesoscale eddy in June 2012 substantially depressed DO at depths of 400 and 600 m but maintained DO at 200 m, suggesting near-surface lateral transport of high-DO water derived from the north of the KE. Second, subduction of high-DO (>230 μ mol kg- 1) water to a depth of 600 m was observed from early February to March 2013, associated with a mesoscale/submesoscale meandering of the KE jet. In mid-March 2013, shipboard hydrographic data were collected where the water mass at the mooring site would be advected by the eastward current on the southern flank of the KE. Based on these data, the subduction event was identified as an intrusion of an anomalously thick water mass from approximately 400–900 dbar. Ventilation of the subtropical mode water at a depth of 200 m around a subsurface DO maximum layer was detected as a rapid rise in DO in January 2013. This occurred after a significant seasonal decrease in DO at a rate of - 0.130 ± 0.007 μ mol kg- 1 day- 1 from July to December 2012.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-850
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Oceanography
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1


  • Dissolved oxygen concentration
  • Kuroshio Extension
  • Mesoscale eddy
  • Subduction
  • Ventilation


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