Vicenistatin induces early endosome-derived vacuole formation in mammalian cells

Yuko Nishiyama, Tomohiro Ohmichi, Sayaka Kazami, Hiroki Iwasaki, Kousuke Mano, Yoko Nagumo, Fumitaka Kudo, Sosaku Ichikawa, Yoshiharu Iwabuchi, Naoki Kanoh, Tadashi Eguchi, Hiroyuki Osada, Takeo Usui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Homotypic fusion of early endosomes is important for efficient protein trafficking and sorting. The key controller of this process is Rab5 which regulates several effectors and PtdInsPs levels, but whose mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, we report that vicenistatin, a natural product, enhanced homotypic fusion of early endosomes and induced the formation of large vacuole-like structures in mammalian cells. Unlike YM201636, another early endosome vacuolating compound, vicenistatin did not inhibit PIKfyve activity in vitro but activated Rab5-PAS pathway in cells. Furthermore, vicenistatin increased the membrane surface fluidity of cholesterol-containing liposomes in vitro, and cholesterol deprivation from the plasma membrane stimulated vicenistatin-induced vacuolation in cells. These results suggest that vicenistatin is a novel compound that induces the formation of vacuole-like structures by activating Rab5-PAS pathway and increasing membrane fluidity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)902-910
Number of pages9
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Early endosome
  • Membrane fluidity
  • Rab5-PAS pathway
  • Vacuolation
  • Vicenistatin


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