Virtual reality-based center of mass-assisted personalized balance training system

Deepesh Kumar, Alejandro González, Abhijit Das, Anirban Dutta, Philippe Fraisse, Mitsuhiro Hayashibe, Uttama Lahiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Poststroke hemiplegic patients often show altered weight distribution with balance disorders, increasing their risk of fall. Conventional balance training, though powerful, suffers from scarcity of trained therapists, frequent visits to clinics to get therapy, one-on-one therapy sessions, and monotony of repetitive exercise tasks. Thus, technology-assisted balance rehabilitation can be an alternative solution. Here, we chose virtual reality as a technology-based platform to develop motivating balance tasks. This platform was augmented with off-the-shelf available sensors such as Nintendo Wii balance board and Kinect to estimate one's center of mass (CoM). The virtual reality-based CoM-assisted balance tasks (Virtual CoMBaT) was designed to be adaptive to one's individualized weight-shifting capability quantified through CoM displacement. Participants were asked to interact with Virtual CoMBaT that offered tasks of varying challenge levels while adhering to ankle strategy for weight shifting. To facilitate the patients to use ankle strategy during weight-shifting, we designed a heel lift detection module. A usability study was carried out with 12 hemiplegic patients. Results indicate the potential of our system to contribute to improving one's overall performance in balance-related tasks belonging to different difficulty levels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number85
JournalFrontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Issue numberJAN
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 12


  • Ankle strategy
  • Balance rehabilitation
  • Center of mass
  • Kinect
  • Stroke
  • Virtual reality


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