Vitamin C-induced decomposition of lipid hydroperoxides to endogenous genotoxins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

409 Citations (Scopus)


Epidemiological data suggest that dietary antioxidants play a protective role against cancer. This has led to the proposal that dietary supplementation with antioxidants such as vitamin C (vit C) may be useful in disease prevention. However, vit C has proved to be ineffective in cancer chemoprevention studies. In addition, concerns have been raised over potentially deleterious transition metal ion-mediated pro-oxidant effects. We have now determined that vit C induces lipid hydroperoxide decomposition to the DNA-reactive bifunctional electrophiles 4-oxo-2-nonenal, 4,5-epoxy-2(E)-decenal, and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal. The compound 4,5-Epoxy-2(E)-decenal is a precursor of etheno-2′-deoxyadenosine, a highly mutagenic lesion found in human DNA. Vitamin C-mediated formation of genotoxins from lipid hydroperoxides in the absence of transition metal ions could help explain its lack of efficacy as a cancer chemoprevention agent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2083-2086
Number of pages4
Issue number5524
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jun 15


Dive into the research topics of 'Vitamin C-induced decomposition of lipid hydroperoxides to endogenous genotoxins'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this