Vortex charges and impurity effects based on quasiclassical theory in an s -wave and a chiral p -wave superconductor

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4 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate charge densities around the vortex cores of an s-wave and a chiral p-wave superconductor (SC) in two dimensions within quasiclassical theory. We consider contributions of particle-hole asymmetry through gradient expansions in first order of a quasiclassical parameter using augmented quasiclassical theory. The chiral p-wave SC has two inequivalent vortices: One is charged and the other is uncharged on the basis of Bogoliubov-de Gennes (BdG) equation. We explain this qualitative difference in vortex charges also by the augmented quasiclassical theory. In addition, we find that much larger charge is induced for the charged vortex of the chiral p-wave SC compared with the vortex of the s-wave SC in the clean system. We also confirm this enhancement through quantitative comparison with results based on the BdG theory. We also study effects of Born-type impurities using self energy formalism and find that the larger charge density is rather suppressed in contrast to the s-wave's one. Furthermore we study the local density of states as another equilibrium property of particle-hole asymmetry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054512
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 19
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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