Wear-mode mapping for th micro-scale abrasion test

K. Adachi, I. M. Hutchings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

235 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this study was to develop a theoretical model and associated wear-mode map to identify the regimes in which two-body abrasion (grooving abrasion) and three-body abrasion (rolling abrasion) dominate in the micro-scale abrasive wear test (also known as the ball-cratering abrasion test). The critical condition for the transition between two-body and three-body abrasion was determined from a continuum mechanics model for the penetration of the abrasive particles into the surfaces of the ball and the specimen, coupled with considerations of equilibrium.Micro-scale abrasion tests were performed with different combinations of ball and specimen materials, under different test conditions such as abrasive concentration and load, and a wear-mode map has been produced which defines the regimes of abrasive particle motion. The map is plotted between two dimensionless groups as vertical and horizontal axes: The hardness ratio between the ball and the specimen, and a newly introduced parameter which represents the severity of contact. Experimental data generated in this work and also taken from previous studies show that the map represents behaviour in the micro-scale abrasion test well, for a wide range of ball and specimen counterface materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-29
Number of pages7
Issue number1-6
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • Ball cratering
  • Micro-scale abrasion
  • Three-body abrasion
  • Two-body abrasion
  • Wear-mode map


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