What is the impact of zinc deficiency for pancreatectomies in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma?

Masahiro Iseki, Masamichi Mizuma, Shuichi Aoki, Kei Kawaguchi, Kunihiro Masuda, Masaharu Ishida, Hideo Ohtsuka, Kei Nakagawa, Takanori Morikawa, Takashi Kamei, Michiaki Unno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: and purpose: Zinc is an essential element for human health and plays an important role in metabolic, immunological and other biological processes. The present study was conducted to investigate the association between zinc deficiency (ZD) and the perioperative clinical course in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods: Of 216 patients with PDAC who underwent elective pancreatectomy between 2013 and 2017 at our institution, 206 patients with sufficient clinical data were retrospectively reviewed. The perioperative variables were compared and the risk factors associated with infectious complications were identified. Results: ZD was preoperatively present in 36 (17.5%) of 206 patients with PDAC. In the patients of the ZD group, a higher proportion of males, higher preoperative modified Glasgow prognostic scores, a higher neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, and a higher occurrence of postoperative infectious complications after pancreatectomy were observed, compared to the non-ZD group. By a univariate analysis, three risk factors were significantly associated with infectious complications after pancreatectomy: ZD (vs non-ZD: p = 0.002), serum albumin <3.5 g/dl (vs ≥ 3.5 g/dl: p = 0.005), and the procedure of pancreaticoduodenectomy (vs others: p = 0.013). By multivariate logistic regression analysis, the occurrence of infectious complications was significantly associated with ZD (OR 3.430, 95%CI 1.570 to 7.490, p = 0.002) and the procedure of pancreaticoduodenectomy (OR 2.030, 95%CI 1.090 to 3.770, p = 0.025). Conclusions: The current study newly demonstrated that ZD could serve as a preoperative predictor of infectious complications after pancreatectomies in the patients with PDAC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-276
Number of pages7
JournalPancreatology
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar

Keywords

  • Infectious complication
  • Pancreatectomy
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Zinc deficiency

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