Why is ASEAN diplomacy changing? From "Non-interference" to "Open and Frank discussions"

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42 Citations (Scopus)


A conventional/rationalist explanation holds that the ASEAN countries have begun to have open and frank discussions in order to deal with new challenges, such as economic and environmental issues, in an efficient way. Constructivists explain ASEAN's change by focusing on the global normative shift, which emphasizes human rights and democracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-254
Number of pages18
JournalAsian Survey
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Sociology and Political Science


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