Amorphous Mn-Nb alloys are prepared by D.C. magnetron sputter deposition method in a wide composition range. The effects of niobium addition on the corrosion behaviour of manganese are evaluated in a borate buffer solution of pH 8.4 containing 0.1 M NaCl by using weight-loss measurement, electrochemical and XPS techniques. A clear improvement of the corrosion resistance of these alloys compared with electro-deposited manganese is found. The alloys containing 24 at.% or more Nb are spontaneously passive. Their corrosion rates are about three to four orders of magnitude lower that that of manganese. The alloys containing 40 at.% or more Nb show almost the same corrosion rate as that of niobium. XPS analysis reveals that niobium is concentrated in air-formed films, and the films formed after open circuit immersion are further enriched in niobium. The improvement of the corrosion resistance by alloying with niobium is explained in terms of the formation of niobium-rich passive films composed of double oxyhydroxides of Mn2+ and Nb5+ ions.
- Magnesium alloy