Young's modulus and mechanical properties of Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr in relation to α″ martensite

Y. L. Hao, M. Niinomi, D. Kuroda, K. Fukunaga, Y. L. Zhou, R. Yang, A. Suzuki

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247 Citations (Scopus)


An investigation on the formation of α″ martensne and its influence on Young s modulus and mechanical properties of forged Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr (wt pct) alloy is reported in this article. For ice-water-quenched specimens after solution treatment at 1023, 1123, and 1223 K in the single β-phase field for 1.8, 3.6, 14.4, and 28.8 ks, X-ray diffraction and internal friction measurements showed that the volume fraction of the α″ martensite changes with both solution temperature and time. This effect has been attributed mainly to the influence of grain size of the β-parent phase on the stability of the β phase and, consequently, on the martensitic start (Ms) temperature. A critical grain size of 40 μm was identified for the β phase, below which the martensitic transformation is largely suppressed because of low Ms temperature. With the β grain size increasing above this critical value, the volume fraction of the α″ martensite increases significantly at first and then decreases gradually with further grain growth. The α″ martensite was shown to possess good ductility and, compared to the β phase, lower strength and hardness but nearly identical Young's modulus in the studied alloy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3137-3144
Number of pages8
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Oct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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