A liquid scintillator containing a tetrakis(isopropyl acetoacetato)zirconium has been developed for ZICOS experiment. In order to reach the sensitivity years, we have to use tone scale of 96Zr and have to reduce 95 % of backgrounds from 208Tl decay, which should be major backgrounds observed around Q-value (3.35 MeV) of 96 Zr neutrinoless double beta decay. According to the Monte Carlo simulation, we demonstrated that new method using the topological information of Cherenkov light could reduce 93 % of 208Tl background with 78 % efficiency for 0vββ signal. For an identification of Cherenkov light, the precise spectral pulse shape from both Cherenkov and scintillation was directly measured by using sub-MeV electrons from 90Sr/90Y beta source. The observed pulse rise and fall (decay) time for Cherenkov light were 0.8 ns and 2.5 ns, respectively. They were actually shorter than those times of scintillation light which were also measured by 1.6 ns and 6.5 ns, respectively. This clear difference of rise time will be used for the pulse shape discrimination in order to select photomultiplier tube which receives Cherenkov lights, and the topological information of Cherenkov light will be used for the reduction of backgrounds from 208Tl decay.
|Journal of Physics: Conference Series
|Published - 2020 Mar 20
|16th International Conference on Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics, TAUP 2019 - Toyama, Japan
Duration: 2019 Sept 9 → 2019 Sept 13