The Tahogawa Member of the Triassic Taho Formation in Southwest Japan consists predominantly of light, dark, and brownish gray bedded limestones and contains abundant Lower to Middle Triassic conodonts. The late Smithian to early Spathian sequence of the Tahogawa Member is divided into five conodont zones, in ascending order: Novispathodus ex gr. waageni, Nv. pingdingshanensis, Nv. brevissimus, Triassospathodus symmetricus, and Tr. homeri. The Scythogondolella milleri Subzone of the Nv. ex gr. waageni Zone contains a late Smithian Anasibirites bearing ammonoid bed. The carbon isotope (δ13Ccarb) curve for the late Smithian to early Spathian shows a rapid excursion with values increasing from ~0.11‰ to ~5.88‰ (VPDB). The rise in δ13Ccarb starts in the upper part of the Nv. ex gr. waageni Zone and continues into the overlying Nv. pingdingshanensis Zone. The δ13Ccarb values peak in the Nv. pingdingshanensis Zone at 5.88‰, and subsequently decrease to 1.13‰ in the Tr. symmetricus Zone. The carbon cycle perturbation recorded in the Tahogawa Member corresponds to the late Smithian to early Spathian global carbon isotope positive and following negative excursions reported from the Tethyan, Panthalassan, and Boreal regions. The Smithian–Spathian boundary is probably located within the Nv. pingdingshanensis Zone of the Tahogawa Member, coincident with the decreasing limb of the carbon isotope perturbation. The combination of δ13Ccarb and conodont stratigraphic data enable us to correlate between the eastern Tethys and Panthalassan regions.