The critical heat flux in liquid hydrogen is ten times higher than that in liquid helium and is approximately half of that in liquid nitrogen. Since the resistivity of pure metal such as copper or silver at 20 K is less than one-hundredth of that at 300 K, HTS magnets immersed in liquid hydrogen are expected to satisfy the fully cyostable condition or to be stable against high resistive heat generation enough for quench detection at a practical current density. In order to examine cryostability of HTS magnets in liquid hydrogen, a pool-cooled Bi2223 magnet with a 5 T magnetic field at 20 K has been designed, fabricated and tested in liquid nitrogen prior to excitation tests in liquid hydrogen. The magnet consists of six outer double pancake coils with the inner diameter of 0.20 m and four inner double pancake coils with the outer diameter of 0.16 m. The resistive voltage to initiate thermal runaway in the coil assembly in liquid nitrogen was higher than 1 V that is sufficient high for quench detection.
|ジャーナル||IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2022 9月 1|
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