Diet disparity among sympatric herbivorous cichlids in the same ecomorphs in Lake Tanganyika: Amplicon pyrosequences on algal farms and stomach contents

Hiroki Hata, Akifumi S. Tanabe, Satoshi Yamamoto, Hirokazu Toju, Masanori Kohda, Michio Hori

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

20 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Lake Tanganyika, an ancient lake in the Great Rift Valley, is famous for the adaptive radiation of cichlids. Five tribes of the Cichlidae family have acquired herbivory, with five ecomorphs: grazers, browsers, scrapers, biters and scoopers. Sixteen species of the herbivorous cichlids coexist on a rocky littoral slope in the lake. Seven of them individually defend feeding territories against intruding herbivores to establish algal farms. We collected epiphyton from these territories at various depths and also gathered fish specimens. Algal and cyanobacteria community structures were analysed using the amplicon-metagenomic method. Results: Based on 454-pyrosequencing of SSU rRNA gene sequences, we identified 300 phototrophic taxa, including 197 cyanobacteria, 57 bacillariophytes, and 31 chlorophytes. Algal farms differed significantly in their composition among cichlid species, even in the same ecomorph, due in part to their habitat-depth segregation. The algal species composition of the stomach contents and algal farms of each species differed, suggesting that cichlids selectively harvest their farms. The stomach contents were highly diverse, even between species in the same tribe, in the same feeding ecomorph.

本文言語英語
論文番号90
ジャーナルBMC Medicine
12
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2014

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