We observed 1H and 2H NMR spectra, 1H NMR spin-lattice relaxation times, and electrical conductivities of water-saturated and anhydrous tetramethylammonium(TMA)-saponites between 100 and 415 K. The very weakly bound cations produced narrow 1H and 2H NMR lines observed in both specimens down to 150 K. The temperature dependence of the 1H NMR spin-lattice relaxation times in the water-saturated and anhydrous samples gave asymmetric minima attributable to the heterogeneous overall rotation and self-diffusion of the cations. The inhomogeneity of the cationic motions in the anhydrous TMA-saponite was greater than in the water-saturated one. From measurements of the electrical conductivity of anhydrous TMA-saponite a large anisotropic cation-diffusivity was concluded.
|ジャーナル||Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung - Section A Journal of Physical Sciences|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1998 11月|
ASJC Scopus subject areas