Effects of pH on dielectric relaxation of montmorillonite, allophane, and imogolite suspensions

Tomoyuki Ishida, Tomoyuki Makino

研究成果: Article査読

37 被引用数 (Scopus)


Dielectric measurements were performed on montmorillonite, allophane, and imogolite suspensions under various pH conditions, using time domain reflectometry over the frequency range 10 kHz-20 GHz. A dielectric relaxation peak due to bound water could be observed for all the clays. Allophane has two peaks, indicating that its peaks are very similar to those of silica- alumina gels. Although imogolite has a similar chemical composition, only one peak was found. The relaxation strength of montmorillonite is greater than that of the other two clays. For all the clays, the relaxation strength depended on the pH. A change in the relaxation strength according to a change in pH is explained in terms of the different network structures of the clay particles. It is suggested that bound water influences the network structure formation. In montmorillonite, a great relaxation process detected at low frequency is caused by surface polarization of counterions. The change in measure of the structural unit with the pH, identified from Schwartz's theory, has a tendency similar to that postulated by other experimental techniques, and surface charge densities identified are close to those estimated from CEC.

ジャーナルJournal of Colloid And Interface Science
出版ステータスPublished - 1999 4月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 生体材料
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
  • コロイド化学および表面化学


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