Elevated plasma homocysteine levels and risk of silent brain infarction in elderly people

Toshifumi Matsui, Hiroyuki Arai, Takefumi Yuzuriha, Hiroshi Yao, Masakazu Miura, Setsuko Hashimoto, Susumu Higuchi, Sachio Matsushita, Masatoshi Morikawa, Atsushi Kato, Hidetada Sasaki

研究成果: Article査読

131 被引用数 (Scopus)


Background and Purpose - Silent brain infarction (SBI) on MRI is common in elderly people, and recent studies have demonstrated that SBI increases the risk of progression to clinically apparent stroke and cognitive decline. Therefore, an early and accurate detection of SBI and a search for potential treatable risk factors may have a significant impact on public health. Methods - Community-dwelling elderly people aged ≥66 years who participated in the present study (n=153) underwent brain MRI and standardized physical and neuropsychological examinations as well as blood biochemistry determinations, including total plasma homocysteine (pHcy), renal function, vitamin status, and polymorphisms of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene. Results - SBI was found in 24.8% of the participants. In the univariate analysis, the pHcy levels in subjects with SBI (13.6 ±4.1 μmol/L) were significantly higher (P=0.0004) than those in subjects without SBI (11.0±3.3 μ/mol/L). When pHcy levels were stratified into high (≥15.1 mmol/L), moderate (11.6 to 15.0 mmol/L), and low (≥11.5 mmol/L) groups, age (P<0.0001), male sex (P<0.0001), the habits of cigarette smoking (P<0.0001) and of alcohol consumption (P=0.0002), and folate levels (P=0.01) were significantly associated with an elevation of pHcy levels. The elevated pHcy levels were significantly associated with SBI after individual adjustment for age, sex, hypertension, renal function, and the habits of smoking and alcohol consumption. Conclusions - pHcy level is associated with age and nutritiorial and other lifestyle factors, and it contributes to a risk for SBI.

出版ステータスPublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 臨床神経学
  • 循環器および心血管医学
  • 高度および特殊看護


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