Enhanced methanogenic degradation and membrane fouling associated with protein-EPS by extending sludge retention time in a high-solid anaerobic membrane bioreactor treating concentrated organic sludge

Guangze Guo, Shitong Zhou, Yujie Chen, Yu Qin, Xia Huang, Gyokuyu Ri

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The improvement of organic sludge destruction efficiency and methanogenic performance is a key concern during anaerobic digestion toward maximum energy recovery. In this study, a high-solid anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) was operated continuously for the treatment of organic sludge from Japanese small-scale collective wastewater treatment facility (Johkasou), and digestion efficiency was enhanced by the optimizing solid retention time (SRT). Degradation efficiency of the substrate improved from 36 % to 52 % and the biogas yield was enhanced from 0.37 to 0.51 L/g-VSfed when the SRT was extended from 30 to 60 d. The net energy yield of AnMBR at SRT 60 days was 9.83 kJ/g-VSfed, and the corresponding energy sufficiency ratio was 181 %, indicating that SRT extension could enhance substrate destruction with significant energy recovery potential. However, a long SRT is characterized by high mixed liquor total solids (MLTS), small particle size, high extracellular polymeric substances content, and poor filterability, which exert detrimental effects on membrane operation. Membrane fouling was effectively controlled by regulating the flux at a sustainable rate. The low fouling region and transition region of operating flux were determined as 0.21–4.6 L/m2/h (LMH) and 1.5–5.7 LMH, respectively, when MLTS was 25–50 g/L, and the main contributors to membrane fouling were high protein fractions and small sludge flocs. The current study proposes a promising method to promote digestion efficiency and provided adequate guidance for membrane operation at super-high MLTS by presenting practical engineering applications of AnMBRs in solid waste treatment.

本文言語英語
論文番号120879
ジャーナルWater Research
248
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2024 1月 1

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