Aptamers are nucleic acids that can selectively bind to a variety of targets. Aptamers usually undergo conformational transitions from a flexible or disordered structure into a rigid or ordered structure upon target-binding. This study describes a detection method for l-argininamide (l-Arm) and adenosine based on the conformational adaptability of nucleic acid aptamers. An abasic site (AP site) was formed in the stem and close to the target-binding site of a stem-loop aptamer as an anchoring pocket for a fluorescent ligand. 3,5-Diamino-6-chloro-2-pyrazine carbonitrile (DCPC), which can bind to AP site-containing DNA duplexes by pseudo-base pairing, was utilized as a signaling reporter for the target-binding. The binding of a target to an aptamer induces the tight pairing of bases flanking the AP site, so that DCPC can effectively bind to the stem. The binding of DCPC is accompanied by a significant enhancement of its fluorescence. This new sensing method without an antisense DNA strand was demonstrated by using l-Arm and its aptamer as a model. It was confirmed that the method can sensitively detect l-Arm with a detection limit of 2.1 μM. The proposed method was also applied to adenosine detection, where the reported sequence of an adenosine aptamer was slightly modified. The method based on an AP site-containing aptamer and an AP site-binding ligand was applicable to detection of a target in horse serum.
|ジャーナル||Biosensors and Bioelectronics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2011 8月 15|
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