The effect of an intergranular amorphous film on grain growth behavior has been studied in a faceted model system, BaTiO3. We prepared two kinds of samples with and without intergranular amorphous films but with the same grain size and density. During annealing the samples at 1350 °C in air, abnormal grain growth occurred in samples with intergranular amorphous films while grain growth was inhibited in samples with dry boundaries, indicating the presence of a pinning force in samples with dry boundaries. To compare the mobilities of dry and wet boundaries, single crystal and polycrystal bilayer samples with or without amorphous films were prepared and annealed at 1340 °C. In contrast to the observed grain growth behavior in polycrystals, the growth of the single crystal into the polycrystal with dry boundaries was faster than that into the polycrystal with wet boundaries, demonstrating the higher mobility of a dry boundary, unlike the conventional understanding.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2009 4月|
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