Halofuginone micelle nanoparticles eradicate Nrf2-activated lung adenocarcinoma without systemic toxicity

Harit Panda, Mikiko Suzuki, Mitsuru Naito, Ritsumi Saito, Huaichun Wen, Liam Baird, Akira Uruno, Kanjiro Miyata, Masayuki Yamamoto

研究成果: Article査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)


The Keap1-Nrf2 system is the master regulator of the cellular response against oxidative and xenobiotic stresses. Constitutive activation of Nrf2 is frequently observed in various types of cancers. Nrf2 hyperactivation induces metabolic reprogramming in cancer cells, which supports the increased energy demand required for rapid proliferation and confers high-level resistance against anticancer radio/chemotherapy. Hence, Nrf2 inhibition has emerged as an attractive therapeutic strategy to counter such acquired resistance in Nrf2-activated tumors. We previously identified Halofuginone (HF) as a promising Nrf2 inhibitor. In this study, we pursued preclinical characterization of HF and found that while HF markedly reduced the viability of cancer cells, it also caused severe hematopoietic and immune cell suppression in a dose-dependent manner. Hence, to overcome this toxicity, we decided to employ a nanomedicine approach to HF. We found that encapsulation of HF into a polymeric micelle (HF micelle; HFm) largely relieved the systemic toxicity exhibited by free HF while maintaining the tumor-suppressive properties of HF. LC-MS/MS analysis revealed that the reduction in the magnitude of adverse effects was the result of the ability to release HF from the HFm core in a slow and sustained manner. These results thus support the contention that HFm will potentially counteract Nrf2-activated cancers in the clinical settings.

ジャーナルFree Radical Biology and Medicine
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 7月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 生理学(医学)


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