Machine learning application for estimating electricity demand by municipality

Yoshiki Kusumoto, Rémi Delage, Toshihiko Nakata

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読


In order to achieve efficient and low carbon energy systems, attention has been focused on locally distributed energy systems, but a detailed and accurate supply–demand database is essential for simulating and optimizing such local systems. Demand data are generally not maintained at small scales, and it is common to estimate electricity demand by prorating global data from large energy carriers. However, the accuracy of the proration method is questionable. The present study explores the idea of using machine learning as an alternative to the proration method for downscaling electricity demand data based on a neural network model. The input data consist of four categories: weekday/holiday determination data, temperature data, periodic signal data, and demand sector configuration data. The model shows a satisfying generalization capacity for downscaling data from regional to prefectural and municipal scales while capturing local characteristics that are not accounted with the proration method.

出版ステータス出版済み - 2024 6月 1


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