Metalloid substitution elevates simultaneously the strength and ductility of face-centered-cubic high-entropy alloys

Daixiu Wei, Liqiang Wang, Yongjie Zhang, Wu Gong, Tomohito Tsuru, Ivan Lobzenko, Jing Jiang, Stefanus Harjo, Takuro Kawasaki, Jae Wung Bae, Wenjun Lu, Zhen Lu, Yuichiro Hayasaka, Takanori Kiguchi, Norihiko L. Okamoto, Tetsu Ichitsubo, Hyoung Seop Kim, Tadashi Furuhara, Evan Ma, Hidemi Kato

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

65 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Recently-developed high-entropy alloys (HEAs) containing multiple principal metallic elements have extended the compositional space of solid solutions and the range of their mechanical properties. Here we show that the realm of possibilities can be further expanded through substituting the constituent metals with metalloids, which are desirable for tailoring strength/ductility because they have chemical interactions and atomic sizes distinctly different from the host metallic elements. Specifically, the metalloid substitution increases local lattice distortion and short-range chemical inhomogeneities to elevate strength, and in the meantime reduces the stacking fault energy to discourage dynamic recovery and encourage defect accumulation via partial-dislocation-mediated activities. These impart potent dislocation storage to improve the strain hardening capability, which is essential for sustaining large tensile elongation. As such, metalloid substitution into HEAs evades the normally expected strength-ductility trade-off, enabling an unusual synergy of high tensile strength and extraordinary ductility for these single-phase solid solutions.

本文言語英語
論文番号117571
ジャーナルActa Materialia
225
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2022 2月 15

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