Phenotype-genotype correlation in aldosterone-producing adenomas characterized by intracellular cholesterol metabolism

Shogo Harashima, Yuto Yamazaki, Naoki Motomura, Yoshikiyo Ono, Kei Omata, Yuta Tezuka, Ryo Morimoto, Yasuhiro Nakamura, Fumitoshi Satoh, Hiroyoshi Suzuki, Go Eun Kwon, Man Ho Choi, Hironobu Sasano

研究成果: Article査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)


Aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) is histologically composed of clear and compact tumor cells. KCNJ5- mutated APAs were reported to be associated with higher plasma aldosterone concentration and more abundant clear tumor cells containing lipid droplets than non-KCNJ5- mutated APAs. However, the association among cholesterol uptake and/or synthesis, cellular morphology and genotypes has remained unknown. Therefore, in order to explore these differences, 52 APA cases (KCNJ5 mt: n = 33, non-KCNJ5 mt: n = 19; ATP1A1: n = 3, ATP2B3: n = 3, CACNA1D: n = 5, CTNNB1: n = 1, tumors without any mutation above: n = 7), zona glomerulosa (ZG) tissue adjacent to APA and 10 non-pathological adrenal glands (NAs) were examined for quantitative histopathological analysis of tumor morphology and immunohistochemical analysis of cholesterol receptors (SR-B1, LDL-R), cholesterol metabolic enzymes (ACAT1, ACAT2, HSL, DHCR24, StAR), and the enzymes required for steroid synthesis (CYP11A1, CYP17A, 3βHSD, CYP11B1, CYP11B2). Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis was further performed to profile cholesterol precursors and metabolites in 21 APA cases (KCNJ5 mt: n = 16, non-KCNJ5 mt: n = 5) and 14 adrenal cortex of adjacent adrenal tissues. Results demonstrated that both SR-B1 and DHCR24 were significantly lower in the ZG than in fasciculata or reticularis of NAs but LDL-R was not significantly different among them in immunohistochemical analysis. SR-B1 and DHCR24 were both significantly higher in APAs than in ZG tissue adjacent to APA. In GC-MS analysis, most cholesterol precursors and metabolites, except for lanosterol, and their metabolic ratios (= concentration of cholesterol/ precursor) were higher in APAs than in the adjacent adrenal cortex tissue. LDL-R, ACAT1/2, HSL, DHCR24 were all significantly lower in clear than in compact tumor cells of APA. LDL-R was significantly lower and cholesterol/lanosterol ratio was significantly higher in KCNJ5- mutated than non-KCNJ5- mutated APAs. We demonstrated SR-B1 mediated selective uptake of cholesterol ester and de novo cholesterol synthesis were both enhanced in APAs. In addition, cholesterol uptake and metabolism were different between clear and compact tumor cells. KCNJ5- mutated APAs were predominantly composed of clear tumor cells containing abundant cholesteryl ester but less activated LDL-R mediated uptake and increased de novo synthesis. Those findings above indicated their more pronounced functional deviation from the normal ZG cells in terms of their steroidogenic and intracellular cholesterol metabolism.

ジャーナルJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 7月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学
  • 生化学
  • 分子医療
  • 分子生物学
  • 内分泌学
  • 臨床生化学
  • 細胞生物学


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