Reduction in Apparent Permeability Owing to Surface Precipitation of Solutes by Drying Process and Its Effect on Geological Disposal

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

抄録

Disposal tunnels in geological repositories are ventilated continuously for over 50 years until their closure. Under these conditions, an unsaturated zone of mixed liquid and gas phases forms around the tunnels. Moreover, drying is assumed to progress from the host rock to the tunnels. To understand these drying processes, this study investigated the migration and precipitation of solutes via capillary forces during drying in packed columns using silica sand or glass beads as packed layers and X-ray CT analysis. In addition, the apparent permeability of a column packed with silica sand containing precipitation was examined using a flow experiment. The results indicate that the precipitation and accumulation of solutes were significant near the drying surfaces of the columns. The apparent mass transfer coefficient at a relatively early stage of the drying process indicates that the migration rate of solutes depends strongly on the capillary forces during the drying process. Furthermore, the apparent permeability of the columns with precipitation decreased significantly. These indicate that the precipitation and accumulation of solutes with drying in the groundwater reduce the porosity and permeability, and the advection of groundwater around the repository may be suppressed.

本文言語英語
論文番号428
ジャーナルMinerals
14
4
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2024 4月

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