The exact spectra of two electrons confined by two-dimensional and three-dimensional quantum dots (2D and 3D QDșs) with parabolic potentials are obtained. Using the present results, the size and shape effects of QDșs on the spectra are revealed. It is found that the spectra are dramatically changed with the variation of the dot size, and then the crossover of two levels can appear. The variation of spectra with size and the positions of crossover points are quite different between 2D and 3D QDșs. It is well explained based on the study of electron-electron interaction energies in 2D and 3D QDșs. The size and shape effects predict a possibility to observe phenomena related to electron-electron interactions in QDșs.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1997|
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