Structural insights into catalytic promiscuity of chalcone synthase from Glycine max (L.) Merr. Coenzyme A-induced alteration of product specificity

Toshiyuki Waki, Riki Imaizumi, Kaichi Uno, Yamato Doi, Misato Tsunashima, Sayumi Yamada, Ryo Mameda, Shun Nakata, Taro Yanai, Kohei Takeshita, Naoki Sakai, Kunishige Kataoka, Masaki Yamamoto, Seiji Takahashi, Toru Nakayama, Satoshi Yamashita

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

抄録

Catalytic promiscuity of enzymes plays a pivotal role in driving the evolution of plant specialized metabolism. Chalcone synthase (CHS) catalyzes the production of 2′,4,4′,6′-tetrahydroxychalcone (THC), a common precursor of plant flavonoids, from p-coumaroyl-coenzyme A (-CoA) and three malonyl-CoA molecules. CHS has promiscuous product specificity, producing a significant amount of p-coumaroyltriacetic lactone (CTAL) in vitro. However, mechanistic aspects of this CHS promiscuity remain to be clarified. Here, we show that the product specificity of soybean CHS (GmCHS1) is altered by CoA, a reaction product, which selectively inhibits THC production (IC50, 67 μM) and enhances CTAL production. We determined the structure of a ternary GmCHS1/CoA/naringenin complex, in which CoA is bound to the CoA-binding tunnel via interactions with Lys55, Arg58, and Lys268. Replacement of these residues by alanine resulted in an enhanced THC/CTAL production ratio, suggesting the role of these residues in the CoA-mediated alteration of product specificity. In the ternary complex, a mobile loop (“the K-loop”), which contains Lys268, was in a “closed conformation” placing over the CoA-binding tunnel, whereas in the apo and binary complex structures, the K-loop was in an “open conformation” and remote from the tunnel. We propose that the production of THC involves a transition of the K-loop conformation between the open and closed states, whereas synthesis of CTAL is independent of it. In the presence of CoA, an enzyme conformer with the closed K-loop conformation becomes increasingly dominant, hampering the transition of K-loop conformations to result in decreased THC production and increased CTAL production.

本文言語英語
論文番号150080
ジャーナルBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
718
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2024 7月 23

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