Two species of L-histidine decarboxylase (HDC) mRNA were found in the KU- 812-F basophilic cell line, but only the 2.4-kilobase (kb) one encodes the functional HDC (Mamune-Sato, R., Yamauchi, K., Tanno, Y., Ohkawara, Y., Ohtsu, H., Katayose, D., Maeyama, K., Watanabe, T., Shibahara, S., and Takishima, T. (1992) Eur. J. Biochem. 209, 533-539). The 3.4-kb one encodes a truncated HDC protein and is also found in human leukemia-derived cell lines HEL and KCL-22. To clarify the mechanisms that regulate transcription of the HDC gene and generate the two species of mRNA, we have isolated genomic DNA clones coding for the HDC from human genomic libraries. Structural analysis of the isolated clones revealed that the human HDC gene is composed of 12 exons spanning approximately 24 kb. Genomic DNA blot analysis suggested that HDC is encoded by a single copy gene. The structural analysis also demonstrated that the heterogeneity of the HDC mRNA is caused by an insertion of the seventh intron sequence and alternative use of the splicing acceptor site at the 12th exon. The transcription start site of the HDC gene and the nucleotide sequences of the promoter and first exon regions were determined. We found a TATA-like sequence, a GC box, four CACC boxes, four GATA consensus sequences, and six leader-binding protein-1 binding motifs in the promoter region of the HDC gene.
|Journal of Biological Chemistry
|出版済み - 1994 1月 14