TaFeB spacer for soft magnetic composite free layer in CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB-based magnetic tunnel junction

Takafumi Nakano, Kosuke Fujiwara, Seiji Kumagai, Yasuo Ando, Mikihiko Oogane

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB-based magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) with a soft magnetic composite free layer have been developed for magnetic sensor applications. Tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) ratios in the sensor-type MTJs have reached a ceiling due to a trade-off between the TMR ratio and interlayer exchange coupling (IEC) depending on the spacer thickness of the composite free layer. In this study, we developed a paramagnetic amorphous TaFeB-alloy spacer to replace the conventional Ta spacer and solve this trade-off. The TaFeB film showed a wider thickness window for a sufficient IEC, resulting in IEC energy values of 0.18-0.19 erg/cm2 at a thickness of 1.0 nm. In addition, we confirmed that the TaFeB film had an ability to function as a boron sink comparable to that of pure Ta. These characteristics allowed us to thicken the TaFeB spacer up to 1.0 nm in the sensor-type MTJs and attain an enhanced TMR ratio of up to 234%, which is the highest compared with cases using the conventional Ta spacer reported to date. These findings demonstrate that TaFeB alloy is a promising material for breaking the ceiling of sensor-type MTJs and increasing sensitivity.

本文言語英語
論文番号072405
ジャーナルApplied Physics Letters
122
7
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2023 2月 13

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