Three-dimensional hydrodynamics simulations of precollapse shell burning in the siand o-rich layers

Takashi Yoshida, Tomoya Takiwaki, Kei Kotake, Koh Takahashi, Ko Nakamura, Hideyuki Umeda

研究成果: Article査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)


We present 3D hydrodynamics simulations of shell burning in two progenitors with zero-age main-sequence masses of 22 and 27M⊙ for ~65 and 200 s up to the onset of gravitational collapse, respectively. The 22 and 27M⊙ stars are selected from a suite of 1D progenitors. The former and the latter have an extended Si- and O-rich layer with a width of ~109 cm and ~5 × 109 cm, respectively. Our 3D results show that turbulent mixing occurs in both of the progenitors with the angle-averaged turbulent Mach number exceeding ~0.1 at the maximum. We observe that an episodic burning of O and Ne, which takes place underneath the convection bases, enhances the turbulent mixing in the 22 and 27M⊙ models, respectively. The distribution of nucleosynthetic yields is significantly different from that in 1D simulations, namely, in 3D more homogeneous and inhomogeneous in the radial and angular direction, respectively. By performing a spectrum analysis, we investigate the growth of turbulence and its role of material mixing in the convective layers. We also present a scalar spherical harmonics mode analysis of the turbulent Mach number. This analytical formula would be helpful for supernova modelers to implement the precollapse perturbations in core-collapse supernova simulations. Based on the results, we discuss implications for the possible onset of the perturbation-aided neutrino-driven supernova explosion.

ジャーナルAstrophysical Journal
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 2月 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 天文学と天体物理学
  • 宇宙惑星科学


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