Topical administration of heat-killed enterococcus faecalis strain kh2 promotes re-epithelialization and granulation tissue formation during skin wound-healing

Hiromasa Tanno, Emi Kanno, Shiho Kurosaka, Yukari Oikawa, Takumi Watanabe, Ko Sato, Jun Kasamatsu, Tomomitsu Miyasaka, Shinyo Ishi, Miki Shoji, Naoyuki Takagi, Yoshimichi Imai, Keiko Ishii, Masahiro Tachi, Kazuyoshi Kawakami

研究成果: Article査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are known to have beneficial effects on immune responses when they are orally administered as bacterial products. Although the beneficial effects of LAB have been reported for the genera Lactobacillus and Lactococcus, little has been uncovered on the effects of the genus Enterococcus on skin wound-healing. In this study, we aimed to clarify the effect of heat-killed Enterococcus faecalis KH2 (heat-killed KH2) strain on the wound-healing process and to evaluate the therapeutic potential in chronic skin wounds. We analyzed percent wound closure, re-epithelialization, and granulation area, and cytokine and growth factor production. We found that heat-killed KH2 contributed to the acceleration of re-epithelialization and the formation of granulation tissue by inducing tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, basic fibroblast growth factor, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, and vascular endothelial growth factor production. In addition, heat-killed KH2 also improved wound closure, which was accompanied by the increased production of TGF-β1 in diabetic mice. Topical administration of heat-killed KH2 might have therapeutic potential for the treatment of chronic skin wounds in diabetes mellitus. In the present study, we concluded that heat-killed KH2 promoted skin wound-healing through the formation of granulation tissues and the production of inflammatory cytokines and growth factors.

本文言語English
論文番号1520
ジャーナルBiomedicines
9
11
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 11月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 医学(その他)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)

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